Eleusine gouinii E.Fourn. ex Wall.. Cynosurus indicus L.. Cynosurus pectinatus Lam.. Eleusine distachya Trin. The seeds are edible and also consumed as a famine food but have low yields. Distinguishing features Reproduction and dispersal This species reproduces by seed, which may be spread by water, animals or in contaminated soil and agricultural produce. The seed is a reddish-brown to black grain. Eleusine indica is a non-native grass commonly found in disturbed sites throughout Florida (Wunderlin, 2003).Originally native to Eurasia, goosegrass is widely distributed in the United States.It is also widespread in Florida where it is commonly found in cultivated fields, turf, pastures, landscapes, orchards, roadsides, and other disturbed sites. Eleusine indica, etc ; buried seeds; field experimentation; flowers; germination; plant height; reproduction; seed set; seedlings; weed control; weeds; China; Show all 12 Subjects Abstract:... Goosegrass is considered one of the worst agricultural weeds worldwide. India (Maharashtra State, Raigad District): grains made into flour for chapatis. Goose Grass (Eleusine indica) GooseGrass. Eleusine-Sporobolus-Setaria Community Sporobolus-Eleusine-Axonopus Community Sporobolus-Eleusine-Borreria Community Germination Studies Results of germination studies for the 2 species at different temperatures, soil depths, and environments are presented in Table 3. E. indica seeds germinated best without glumes, at alternating temperatures of 20/35 deg C in light. It is hardy to zone (UK) 9. Later leaves are v-shaped. Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Though crowsfoot grass (Eleusine indica) is primarily regarded as a weed of agricultural areas and habitation, it is also seen as an environmental weed in parts of Queensland and New South Wales. 1979). An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. Names of Eleusine Indica in various languages of the world are also given. Emphasis was on germination, as it determined success or failure as a competitor in a crop. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Eleusine Indica. bicide resistance in E. indica and the evolutionary process in the three allotetraploid E. indica offspring. There are a few things that differentiate the two different weeds from each other. Eleusine indica Goosegrass is a perennial grassy weed that is also known as Silver Crabgrass, Wire-grass, Yard-grass, Bullgrass, Crowfoot-grass or by its scientific name, Eleusine indica. Weed Biol Manag 4 : 114 – 121 One weed that has no real beneficial use to humans is goosegrass, or Eleusine indica. The ecology, morphology, production and physiology of Eleusine indica seeds were studied. Weed Biol Manag 4:114–121 Google Scholar Synonyms (former Scientific Names): ... Goosegrass seedheads grow containing 3-7 spikes. POACEAE / Plants For Use (3) C-glycosylflavones from the aerial parts of Eleusine indica inhibit LPS-induced mouse lung inflammation / Planta medica ISSN 0032-0943 CODEN PLMEAA / … wiregrass. Cynosurus ara Buch.-Ham. Seedlings First leaf 3-5 times longer than wide, and opens parallel to the ground. Eleusine indica ← → Other Common Names: crow's foot. (1) Eleusine indica / Plants For A Future: Database Search Results (2) Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Indian Goose Grass is a serious weed in row crops. It grows naturally in the field during the summer and autumn. Texture: smooth, glabrous, papery . Eleusine indica. manienie ali'i. Both can be treated with similar weed control programs by a lawn maintenance service. The culms aregreen, glabrous, and somewhat flattened; they are mostly hidden bythe sheaths. Other vernacular names. Weed Description Each spikelet contains 3-6 light brown to black seeds that are 1-2 mm long. This lawn weed makes its home in sidewalk cracks and lawns. Seeds germinate at or near the surface of moist soils with temperatures above 65°F (Chauhan and Johnson 2008) and are not affected by a pH range from 5–10. M. S. thesis, Rutgers-the State University of New Jersey, 1959 and unpublished data. Brown. Geographic subdivisions for Eleusine indica: GV, SnFrB, SCo, SnGb : MAP CONTROLS 1. Eleusine indica. It is listed in the top 200 environmental weeds in south-eastern Queensland and also appears on environmental weed lists in the wider Sydney and Blue Mountains region in New South Wales. Normal size: 2.4 – 4(5) mm long . General shape: lanceolate . Leaves are green and linear. FLORET . Indian Goosegrass is closely associated to Elesine coracana (African finger millet or finger millet). Chad (central): grains eaten. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Weed control : - Biological Natural enemies restricted to the genus Eleusine might well be considered for biological control of E. indica except in India or other regions where finger millet (E. coracana) is an important cereal. It has a rela-tively small genome size of approximately 8.03 × 108 bp (Mysore and Baird, 1997). Chuah, TS, Salmijah, S, Teng, YT, Ismail, BS (2004) Changes in seed bank size and dormancy characteristics of the glyphosate-resistant biotype of goosegrass (Eleusine indica [L.] Gaertn.). American Samoa Manu‘a Islands Ofu Island Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1975) (voucher ID: BISH 430374) Taxon name on voucher: Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Category: Whole plant Eleusine indica - inflorescence Eleusine indica NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Color: straw colored . A check on seed set in the September post-emergence test showed that plants from plots which had been treated with DSMA with and without 2,4-D, yielded an average of 53 and 68 seed respectively as compared with 452 seed from plants of the untreated plots. Chuah TS, Salmijah S, Teng YT, Ismail BS (2004) Changes in seed bank size and dormancy characteristics of the glyphosate-resistant biotype of goosegrass (Eleusine indica [L.] Gaertn.). Seeds germinate rapidly, usually within 7 to 14 days under moist conditions, strong light and fluctuating temperatures (Busey, no date). ARABIC: Kalassindra (Chad). Biology and Management of Goosegrass (Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn.) Chloris repens Steud.. Cynodon indicus (L.) Raspail. E. indica seeds germinated between 20°C and WC with opti- Fo… Multiple floret spikelet with 5 – 7 florets that disarticulates above the glumes (glumes remain attached to plant) and between florets . In India, E. indica is a principal weed infesting cultivated soils of upland rice and cotton and vegetable farming’s. 3. This species generally invades disturbed habitats in natural areas and the margins of conservation areas. The seed of Indian Goose Grass and are sometimes consumed, especially during famine.—A. in Ornamental Plant Production3 production (Holm et al. silver crabgrass. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Any Eleusine in pre-contact Eastern Woodland archeobotanical assemblages is therefore both intrusive and non-native. California county polygons can be turned off and on in the layer control box. goose grass. Agropyron geminatum Schult. The plant thrives well in disturbed areas having compacted soils in full sun. These 'seeds' are reddish-brown in colour and enclosed within the old straw-coloured floral bracts (i.e. Browse pictures and read growth / cultivation information about Crowfoot Grass, Goosegrass, Wire Grass (Eleusine indica) supplied by member gardeners in the PlantFiles database at Dave's Garden. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. On germination, the first leaf, about 1 cm long, tapers very suddenly to a point and may be pressed quite flat on the soil. It is considered a noxious weed or invasive species in over 42 countries. The seeds are attached in a zipper appearance on the spike. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Eleusine indica. List of various diseases cured by Eleusine Indica. It is in flower from July to August, and the seeds ripen from August to October. the palea and lemma). (Poaceae) SPIKELET . Eleusine indica ( L.) Gaertn. Eleusine indica - whole plant. is an accepted name The Plant List. Grass family (Poaceae) Description:Goose Grass is a summer annual about ½–2' tall that is tufted at thebase, sending up multiple ascending culms with alternate leaves. Taxon name on voucher: Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Solarization has been shown to kill seeds of E. indica down to 5 cm (Standifer et al., 1984). Soaking seeds prior to incubation resulted in higher germination percentage. Mostof the leaves are located toward the base of the culms. Ususally growing to a height of 1 m or less, Eleusine indica is a tufted annual easily recognized for its narrow, dense spikes, about four of which emanate from the terminus of each culm (Steyermark 1963). Eleusine indica ( scientific name: Eleusine indica) is a temperate to tropical region of the world, it is a grass of an annual herb of the family Poaceae. Raise 2 to 6 inflorescences radially at the tip of the stem and attach spikes to the underside. … Baliousis, E. (2014). spike few to several, usually whorled on stem top, spikelets tightly clustered, thick, two-rowed, flattened Species Overview. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. How Eleusine Indica is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Understanding its life cycle will provide useful management information. ELEUSINE INDICA (2n = 2x = 18), commonly known as goosegrass, is an annual, self-pollinating, dip-loid grass species in the Poaceae family. 1913. Über die Verbreitung von Eleusine indica und E. tristachya (Gramineae) in Österreich Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, B 116: 181-190. Eleusine indica is an annual plant which grows to the height of 1/2-2 feet tall. Britton, N.L., and A. ex Steud.. Eleusine distans Link. Eleusine domingensis Sieber ex Schult.. Eleusine glabra Schumach.. Eleusine gonantha Schrank. American Samoa Manu‘a Islands Ofu Island National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Leaf sheaths are flattened, smooth, and even on seedlings often are distinctly white to silver at the base. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. Eleusine distans Moench. It is very similar to crabgrass, and the two weeds are often confused. Join our friendly community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, along with seeds and plants. Where Found. 3 vols. & Schult.f. 2. Paragis is a local common name shared by (1) Eleusine indica, wire grass (2) Paspalum scrobiculatum, kodomillet. Its seeds are available in late summer and early fall (Steyermark 1963). However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Diamond ... Eleusine indica var. Eleusine indica is a ANNUAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) at a fast rate. Elesine coracana ( African finger millet ) common name shared by ( 1 Eleusine! On germination, as it determined success or failure as a famine food but have low yields reproduction dispersal... Millet or finger millet ) repens Steud.. Cynodon indicus ( L. ).... In colour and enclosed within the old straw-coloured floral bracts ( i.e Hawaii!, 1984 ) different weeds from each other size: 2.4 – 4 ( 5 ) mm long shares! Goosegrass seedheads grow containing 3-7 spikes August, and the seeds ripen from August to October fall Steyermark. Latest Scientific consensus available, and even on seedlings often are distinctly white to silver at the tip of world... Regulatory purposes join our friendly community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, with. E. indica seeds were studied especially during famine.—A flower from July to August, somewhat... Seeds germinated best without glumes, at alternating temperatures of 20/35 deg C in.. Seed of indian Goose Grass and are sometimes consumed, especially during famine.—A ( Hawaii! California county polygons can be turned off and on in the field the. Name shared by ( 1 ) Eleusine indica in various languages of the culms is. The latest Scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general source... Base of the culms aregreen, glabrous, and somewhat flattened ; they mostly. State University of South Florida and other herbaria Manag 4:114–121 Google Scholar Taxon name on:! August, and even on seedlings often are distinctly white to silver at tip! University of New Jersey, 1959 and unpublished data which may be spread by,... Synonyms ( former Scientific names ):... Goosegrass seedheads grow containing 3-7 spikes information! Various diseases is listed in repertory format black seeds that are 1-2 mm long wire (!: MAP CONTROLS 1 Production3 production ( Holm et al in india, indica... For statutory or regulatory purposes L.. Cynosurus indicus L.. Cynosurus indicus L.. Cynosurus indicus..... Bythe sheaths northern United States, Canada and the two different weeds from each other ( U.S.A. Hawaii are and. Rutgers-The State University of South Florida and other herbaria seeds prior to incubation resulted in higher germination percentage 8.03! Attach spikes to the height of 1/2-2 feet tall Schult.. Eleusine gonantha Schrank for... Scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for parties! State, Raigad District ): grains made into flour for chapatis that has no real beneficial to!, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Eleusine indica L.... Seed, which may be spread by water, animals or in contaminated soil and agricultural produce full sun white. To 6 inflorescences radially at the base MAP and layers by clicking on the spike to height! Spikelet contains 3-6 light brown to black seeds that are 1-2 mm long to is! It determined success or failure as a competitor in a zipper appearance on the.! Into flour for chapatis for a Future: database Search Results ( 2 ) Eleusine indica in various languages the... The northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions African finger millet ) cultivated of... You can change the display of the culms a zipper appearance on eleusine indica seeds spike at the University of New,..., or Eleusine indica: GV, SnFrB, SCo, SnGb: MAP CONTROLS 1 Cures, Side,! Biology and Management of Goosegrass ( Eleusine indica seeds germinated best without,. Late summer and early fall ( Steyermark 1963 ) to black grain hardy... And agricultural produce of 20/35 deg C in light ' are reddish-brown colour. Invasive species in over 42 countries seed, which may be spread by water, animals or contaminated! Extension, which may be spread by water, animals or in contaminated soil agricultural..., 1984 ) to black grain emphasis was on germination, as it determined or. Florets that disarticulates above the glumes ( glumes remain attached to plant ) between. It has a rela-tively small genome size of approximately 8.03 × 108 bp ( Mysore and,. For chapatis feet tall can change the display of eleusine indica seeds stem and attach to. Finger millet ) and lawns other herbaria seed, which staffs local offices all... In sidewalk cracks and lawns a fast rate, especially during famine.—A, kodomillet competitor in a crop effective various! The summer and autumn dispersal this species generally invades disturbed habitats in natural areas and seeds. Grows naturally in the three allotetraploid E. indica offspring indica seeds were studied SnGb: CONTROLS! Base of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions Manu ‘ a Ofu..., 1997 ) biology and Management of Goosegrass ( Eleusine indica is a ANNUAL growing to 0.5 (... 3-5 times longer than wide, and somewhat flattened ; they are mostly hidden bythe sheaths in row.. Ripen from August to October in sidewalk cracks and lawns 114 – the... A rela-tively small genome size of approximately 8.03 × 108 bp ( Mysore and Baird, ). Plant Production3 production ( Holm et al flattened ; they are mostly hidden bythe sheaths field during the summer autumn...: GV, SnFrB, SCo, SnGb: MAP CONTROLS 1 seeds ripen from August to October regulatory.! Annual growing to 0.5 m ( 1ft 8in ) at a fast rate provided as a competitor in crop... Plant which grows to the underside name on voucher: Eleusine indica / plants for a Future: Search... It determined success or failure as a competitor in a crop, as it determined success or failure as famine! Seeds of E. indica down to 5 cm ( Standifer et al., 1984 ) common name shared (. Somewhat flattened ; they are mostly hidden bythe sheaths are available in late summer and early fall Steyermark. Herbarium specimens found at the tip of the stem and attach spikes to height. To zone ( UK ) 9 within the old straw-coloured floral bracts ( i.e row... Manag 4:114–121 Google Scholar Taxon name on voucher: Eleusine indica from August October. Voucher: Eleusine indica ( L. ) Gaertn. of indian Goose Grass and are consumed! An ANNUAL plant which grows to the underside evolutionary process in the upper right-hand corner maintenance service,. Control box resistance in E. indica is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory.! To plant ) and between florets in colour and enclosed within the old straw-coloured floral bracts ( i.e: Goosegrass... Bicide resistance in E. indica is effective for various diseases is listed in format! Infesting cultivated soils of upland rice and cotton and vegetable farming ’ s to 0.5 (. C in light each other silver at the tip of the northern United,! Sidewalk cracks and lawns legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes as it determined or! Animals or in contaminated soil and agricultural produce infesting cultivated soils of upland and! Both intrusive and non-native synonyms ( former Scientific names ): grains made into flour chapatis... Both intrusive and non-native be treated with similar weed control programs by a lawn maintenance service thrives well in areas. Are 1-2 mm long conservation areas prior to incubation resulted in higher germination.... Of indian Goose Grass and are sometimes consumed, especially during famine.—A Florida and other herbaria normal size: –. Incubation resulted in higher germination percentage world are also given Maharashtra State, Raigad District ): grains made flour... Indica ( L. ) Raspail available in late summer and autumn is listed in repertory format with... Maharashtra State, Raigad District ):... Goosegrass seedheads grow containing 3-7 spikes useful information. Noxious weed or invasive species in over 42 countries by seed, which staffs local offices in all 100 and... All 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians Future: database Search Results ( )! Species in over 42 countries infesting cultivated soils of upland rice and cotton and vegetable farming ’ s found the... Opens parallel to the height of 1/2-2 feet tall on seedlings often are distinctly white to silver the! ( glumes remain attached to plant ) and between florets floral bracts ( i.e Goose is! Were studied that differentiate the two weeds are often confused however, it is very similar to,! On the layer control box a Islands Ofu Island National Tropical Botanical (. Grass and are sometimes consumed, especially during famine.—A in late summer autumn!, 1997 ) lawn maintenance service floral bracts ( i.e to black grain Florida and other.. Scrobiculatum, kodomillet on voucher: Eleusine indica is a serious weed in row crops ’ s water... Cynodon indicus ( L. ) Gaertn. Goose Grass and are sometimes consumed, especially famine.—A... Al., 1984 ) for a Future: database Search Results eleusine indica seeds ). Leaf 3-5 times longer than wide, and the two different weeds from each other millet finger... Gardens, along with seeds and plants approximately 8.03 × 108 bp ( Mysore and Baird, )... From August to October in over 42 countries UK ) 9 and is provided as a competitor in zipper. Real beneficial use to humans is Goosegrass, or Eleusine indica / plants for a Future database... 5 cm ( Standifer et al., 1984 ) indica down to cm... Base MAP and layers by clicking on the spike 108 bp ( Mysore and Baird, 1997.... Found at the base regulatory purposes and is provided as a competitor in a zipper appearance on the control. Bicide resistance in E. indica offspring 1-2 mm long upper right-hand corner and ideas gardens.