Source(s): pronounce capital honduras tegucigalpa: History Of The Capital City Of Honduras . [70], The World Bank Group Executive Board approved a plan known as the new Country Partnership Framework (CPF). The captial of Honduras is Tegucigalpa. The rise in violence in the region has received international attention. The word was coined by Nicaraguans and derives from the last name of the Spanish Honduran General Florencio Xatruch, who in 1857 led Honduran armed forces against an attempted invasion by North American adventurer William Walker. "[34][35] In addition to drawing Central American workers north, the fruit companies encouraged immigration of workers from the English-speaking Caribbean, notably Jamaica and Belize, which introduced an African-descended, English-speaking and largely Protestant population into the country, although many of these workers left following changes to immigration law in 1939. However, these concepts had no meaning in the Pre-Columbian era itself and represent extremely diverse areas. "An Assessment of Health Sector Guidelines and Services for Treatment of Sexual Violence in El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. However, Copán represents only a fraction of Honduran pre-Columbian history. Who is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time? [80], The male to female ratio of the Honduran population is 1.01. Infoplease has everything you need to know about Honduras. Test. Violence in Honduras increased after Plan Colombia was implemented and after Mexican President Felipe Calderón declared the war against drug trafficking in Mexico. The OAS suspended Honduras because it did not regard its government as legitimate. [12] The nation had a relatively high political stability until its 2009 coup and again with the 2017 presidential election.[13]. [102] 21% of men believed men were responsible for both. Describe how a business such as a supermarket or a department store uses classification to make it easier for its customers … Translate Honduras capital is tegucigalpa. In today’s lesson, I’ve organized the words into categories that can help you remember them better. Since independence, nearly 300 small internal rebellions and civil wars have occurred in the country, including some changes of régime. The capital city is Tegucigalpa. In 1904, the writer O. Henry coined the term "banana republic" to describe Honduras,[30] publishing a book called Cabbages and Kings, about a fictional country, Anchuria, inspired by his experiences in Honduras, where he had lived for six months. What factors affecting academic performance? Generally these soups are served mixed with plantains, yuca, and cabbage, and served with corn tortillas. the capital of Honduras is Tegucigalpa. [116] Honduras has bilingual (Spanish and English) and even trilingual (Spanish with English, Arabic, or German) schools and numerous universities.[117]. Executive power is exercised by the Honduran government. [77] Overall spending within Poverty Reduction Strategies have been focused on education and health sectors increasing social spending from 44% of Honduras' GDP in 2000 to 51% in 2004. La Ceiba ( Spanish pronunciation: [la ˈsejβa]) is a municipality, the capital of the Honduran department of Atlántida and a port city on the northern coast of Honduras in Central America. [80] Professionals, students, farmers, merchants, business employees, and civil servants are all considered a part of the Honduran middle class. On Saturday there is a big parade with floats and displays with people from many countries. Many translated example sentences containing "la capital de Honduras" – English-Spanish dictionary and search engine for English translations. (112,087 sq. [103] Gangs are largely responsible for sexual violence against women as they often use sexual violence. [106] It functions by integrating gender into curriculum topics, linking gender to the ideas of justice and equality, encouraging reflection, dialogue and debate and emphasizing the need for individual and social change. ENEE receives heavy subsidies to counter its chronic financial problems, but Hondutel is no longer a monopoly. [10] Honduras has a Human Development Index of 0.625, classifying it as a nation with medium development. Other holidays are Easter, Maundy Thursday, Good Friday, Day of the Soldier (3 October to celebrate the birth of Francisco Morazán), Christmas, El Dia de Lempira on 20 July,[120] and New Year's Eve. This Site Might Help You. Threats against U.S. citizens by drug traffickers and other criminal organizations have resulted in the U.S. Embassy placing restrictions on the travel of U.S. officials through the region.[118]. A string of authoritarian military governments held power uninterrupted until 1981, when Roberto Suazo Córdova was elected president. [37] The Organization of American States (OAS) negotiated a cease-fire which took effect on 20 July and brought about a withdrawal of Salvadoran troops in early August. Achetez neuf ou d'occasion The party system was dominated by the conservative National Party of Honduras (Partido Nacional de Honduras: PNH) and the liberal Liberal Party of Honduras (Partido Liberal de Honduras: PLH) until the 2009 Honduran coup d'état removed Manuel Zelaya from office and put Roberto Micheletti in his place. Hondurans are often referred to as Catracho or Catracha (fem) in Spanish. The central stripe is white. [102] Honduran men claim responsibility for family decisions including reproductive health decisions. Classical Latin. [106] It is currently sponsored by Asociacion Bayan, a Honduran NGO, and the Honduran Ministry of Education. In fact, Honduras is sometimes referred to as Spanish Honduras. (Every time you laugh, a nail is removed from your coffin.) The national tree of Honduras was declared in 1928 to be simply "the Pine that appears symbolically in our Coat of Arms" (el Pino que figura simbólicamente en nuestro Escudo),[121] even though pines comprise a genus and not a species, and even though legally there's no specification as for what kind of pine should appear in the coat of arms either. [80] The wealthy are not politically unified and differ in political and economic views.[80]. [101], Honduras has historically functioned with a patriarchal system like many other Latin American countries. ", Cameron, Samuel, et al. Poor communities typically live in adobe homes, lack material resources, have limited access to medical resources, and live off of basics such as rice, maize and beans. [102] This is largely attributable to an increase in educational attainment and workforce participation by women, as well as more widespread use of contraceptives. The Lenc… Every night there is a little carnaval (carnavalito) in a neighborhood. [81], Middle class Honduras is a small group defines by relatively low membership and income levels. The World Bank categorizes Honduras as a low middle-income nation. Remember, Spanish has both masculine and feminine forms so catracho refers to a male while catracha references a female. [102] By 2001 62% were largely due to female sterilization, birth control in the form of a pill, injectable birth control, and IUDs. [38], Tensions escalated and on 14 July 1969, the Salvadoran army invaded Honduras. Information and translations of Honduras in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. In 2009, a constitutional crisis resulted when power was transferred in a coup from the president to the head of Congress. [11], Inequality also exists between rural and urban areas as it relates to the distribution of resources. In the pre-Columbian era, modern Honduras was split between two pan-cultural regions: Mesoamerica in the west and the Isthmo-Colombian area in the east. Early Modern Spanish; Writing system . The Honduran Supreme Court agreed, saying that the constitution had put the Supreme Electoral Tribunal in charge of elections and referenda, not the National Statistics Institute, which Zelaya had proposed to have run the count. [71] Additionally, they are a large contributor to food insecurity in the country as farmers are left unable to provide for their families. The telecommunication sector was opened to private investment on 25 December 2005, as required under CAFTA. Because of its commonality in the country, the Pinus oocarpa species has become since then the species most strongly associated as the national tree, but legally it is not so. It is located on the southern edge of the Caribbean, forming part of the south eastern boundary of the Gulf of Honduras.With an estimated population of 199,080 living in approximately 170 … The two countries conduct joint peacekeeping, counter-narcotics, humanitarian, disaster relief, humanitarian, medical and civic action exercises. How do you spell with in Spanish? The government operates both the electrical grid, Empresa Nacional de Energía Eléctrica (ENEE) and the land-line telephone service, Hondutel. What does Honduras mean? But as recently as 2017, organizations such as InSight Crime's show figures of 42 per 100,000 inhabitants;[92] a 26% drop from 2016 figures. [81] Higher socio-economic status enables individuals to more easily evade the draft. [85], For economic development a 2012 memorandum of understanding with a group of international investors obtained Honduran government approval to build a zone (city) with its own laws, tax system, judiciary and police, but opponents brought a suit against it in the Supreme Court, calling it a "state within a state". [40], During the early 1980s, the United States established a continuing military presence in Honduras to support El Salvador, the Contra guerrillas fighting the Nicaraguan government, and also develop an airstrip and modern port in Honduras. Natives to Honduras speak Spanish, English, Garifuna, and Miskito. [80] They have maintained cultural distinctiveness and prospered economically. [11], The United Nations Development Program (UNDP) ranks Honduras 116th for measures including women's political power, and female access to resources. Some of Honduras' most notable writers are Lucila Gamero de Medina, Froylán Turcios, Ramón Amaya Amador and Juan Pablo Suazo Euceda, Marco Antonio Rosa,[119] Roberto Sosa, Eduardo Bähr, Amanda Castro, Javier Abril Espinoza, Teófilo Trejo, and Roberto Quesada. The triangle is placed on an area that symbolizes being bathed by both seas. Honduran President Carlos Roberto Flores said that fifty years of progress in the country had been reversed. 1 … Honduras had a 2019 Forest Landscape Integrity Index mean score of 4.48/10, ranking it 126th globally out of 172 countries. The Spanish ruled the region for approximately three centuries. [77] This was expected to lift poor communities out of poverty while also increasing the workforce as a means of stimulating the Honduran economy. [citation needed], In the late nineteenth century, Honduras granted land and substantial exemptions to several US-based fruit and infrastructure companies in return for developing the country's northern regions. Capital of Honduras. The national mammal is the white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), which was adopted as a measure to avoid excessive depredation. [clarification needed] It is one of two species of deer that live in Honduras. Americas. Explanation: coolfundip coolfundip Answer: Trujillo. Many regions in the north of Honduras never fell to the Spanish, notably the Miskito Kingdom. [80] In the 1980s peasant organizations and labor unions such as the National Federation of Honduran Peasants, The National Association of Honduran Peasants and the National Union of Peasants formed. La Ceiba Carnival is celebrated in La Ceiba, a city located in the north coast, in the second half of May to celebrate the day of the city's patron saint Saint Isidore. Prior to 1580, Honduras referred to only the eastern part of the province, and Higueras referred to the western part. Archaeologists have studied sites such as Naco [es] and La Sierra in the Naco Valley, Los Naranjos on Lake Yojoa, Yarumela in the Comayagua Valley,[19] La Ceiba and Salitron Viejo[20] (both now under the Cajón Dam reservoir), Selin Farm and Cuyamel in the Aguan valley, Cerro Palenque, Travesia, Curruste, Ticamaya, Despoloncal, and Playa de los Muertos in the lower Ulúa River valley, and many others. [28] After about 1650, very few slaves or other outside workers arrived in Honduras. Pronunciation of Tegucigalpa with 3 audio pronunciations, 1 meaning, 6 translations, 10 sentences and more for Tegucigalpa. In the Bay Islands there are bottlenose dolphins, manta rays, parrot fish, schools of blue tang and whale shark. Legends and fairy tales are paramount in Honduran culture. What does it mean when the flag is not flying at the White House? [75] While spending on poverty-reduction aid increased there was only a 2.5% increase in GDP between 1999 and 2002. [57], Current Honduran president Juan Orlando Hernández took office on 27 January 2014. ", "Hillary Clinton's dodgy answers on Honduras coup", "The Caudillos v. the Elites: Honduras Coup Reveals Deep Divisions in Latin America", "Chapter XXVI: Disarmament – No. [36] The government that followed the de facto government established a truth and reconciliation commission, Comisión de la Verdad y Reconciliación, which after more than a year of research and debate concluded that the ousting had been a coup d'état, and illegal in the commission's opinion.[50][51][52]. km). Tegucigalpa es la capital de Honduras. The national flower is the famous orchid, Rhyncholaelia digbyana (formerly known as Brassavola digbyana), which replaced the rose in 1969. Though spared the bloody civil wars wracking its neighbors, the Honduran army quietly waged campaigns against Marxist–Leninist militias such as the Cinchoneros Popular Liberation Movement, notorious for kidnappings and bombings,[41] and against many non-militants as well. Honduras spans about 112,492 km2 (43,433 sq mi) and has a population exceeding 9 million. [11] These measures do not reveal a large disparity between male and female development levels, however, GNI per capita is vastly different by gender. Natural disasters, such as 1998 Hurricane Mitch, have contributed to this inequality as they particularly affect poor rural areas. Water supply and sanitation in Honduras differ greatly from urban centers to rural villages. Pasado. The Miskito Kingdom in the northeast was particularly effective at resisting conquest. On June 10, 1762, the settlement became Real Villa de San Miguel … In 2012, LiDAR scanning revealed that several previously unknown high density settlements existed in La Mosquitia, corresponding to the legend of "La Ciudad Blanca". [106] Honduras' SAT program is one of the largest in the world, second only to Colombia's with 6,000 students. [10], Hurricane Fifi caused severe damage when it skimmed the northern coast of Honduras on 18 and 19 September 1974. [98] Social stratification from Spain was able to develop in these countries through colonization. In some cities fireworks are seen and heard at midnight. [80], The majority of blacks in Honduran are culturally ladino, meaning they are culturally Hispanic. "Honduras v El Salvador: The football match that kicked off a war", "Peace Corps Honduras: Why are all the US volunteers leaving? Capital of Honduras. [9] This meant that those hit hardest were single women as they constitute the majority of this population. When we think of Spanish-speaking countries to explore, many travelers don’t consider Honduras. [76] This improvement left Honduras still below that of countries that lacked aid through Poverty Reduction Strategy behind those without it. [77] Poverty Reduction Strategies also excluded clear priorities, specific intervention strategy, strong commitment to the strategy and more effective macro-level economic reforms according to Jose Cuesta of Cambridge University. 61 penpals Top 100 Honduran names - Honduras See also first names from Honduras on : [] - [81] In urban areas males are often sought out from secondary schools while in rural areas roadblocks aided the military in handpicking recruits. Human translations with examples: honduras, la capital, the capital, austrian capital. Misteriosa Bank and Rosario Bank, 130 to 150 kilometres (81 to 93 miles) north of the Swan Islands, fall within the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of Honduras. [55] Some rivers and streams are also polluted by mining.[56]. Is Minneapolis or St. Paul the city of Minnesota why I might people become confused about this? [80] Since 1965 there has been an increase in the number of landless peasants in Honduras which has led to a growing class of urban poor individuals. ", Hawkins, Darren, and Melissa Humes. [104] Femicide is widespread in Honduras. The Islas de la Bahía and the Swan Islands are off the north coast. Honduras was the first country to be deemed a _____ Republic. "CONSTRUCTING A NEW VISION: UNDOING GENDER THROUGH SECONDARY EDUCATION IN HONDURAS. Honduras consists mainly of mountains, with narrow plains along the coasts. [105] Since the study was done the UNFPA and the Health Secretariat of Honduras have worked to develop and implement improved guidelines for handling cases of sexual violence. The Lenca people of the interior highlands are also generally considered to be culturally Mesoamerican, though the extent of linkage with other areas varied over time (for example, expanding during the zenith of the Toltec Empire). ", Ruhl, J. In December 2005, Puerto Cortés, the primary seaport of Honduras, was included in the U.S. Container Security Initiative.[84]. Larger population centers generally have modernized water treatment and distribution systems, but water quality is often poor because of lack of proper maintenance and treatment. "Political Space, Pro-Poor Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategy in Honduras: A Story of Missed Opportunities". 5 years ago. But its real meaning is sharper: it refers to the fruit companies from the United States that came to exert extraordinary influence over the politics of Honduras and its neighbors. Across Honduras 33,000 houses were destroyed, and an additional 50,000 damaged. Honduras National Congres of the Republic of Honduras (Spanish) Statistics Instituto Nacional de Estadística National Statistical Office of Honduras. Spanish Unit 5: Sophie y Charlie llegan a Honduras. The initial phase of Secure Freight involved deploying of nuclear detection and other devices to six foreign ports: Containers in these ports have been scanned since 2007 for radiation and other risk factors before they are allowed to depart for the United States. [8], In 1969, Honduras and El Salvador fought what became known as the Football War. Honduras became independent in 1821 and has since been a republic, although it has consistently endured much social strife and political instability, and remains one of the poorest countries in the Western Hemisphere. Honduran typical dishes also include an abundant selection of tropical fruits such as papaya, pineapple, plum, sapote, passion fruit and bananas which are prepared in many ways while they are still green. Old Latin. Honduras became host to the largest Peace Corps mission in the world, and nongovernmental and international voluntary agencies proliferated. The central and southern regions are relatively hotter and less humid than the northern coast. [11] The levels of inequality in each aspect of development can also be assessed. The blue upper and lower stripes represent the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. [106], Spanish is the official, national language, spoken by virtually all Hondurans. RE: how do you pronounce the capital of Honduras, Tegucigalpa? Natural resources include timber, gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, iron ore, antimony, coal, fish, shrimp, and hydropower. After managing to stand for a second term,[58] a very close election in 2017 left uncertainty as to whether Hernandez or his main challenger, television personality Salvador Nasralla, had prevailed. Each complex had a "core area" within Honduras (the Sula Valley for Mesoamerica, and La Mosquitia for the Isthmo-Colombian area), and the intervening area was one of gradual transition. Key challenges in the sector are: Infrastructure for transportation in Honduras consists of: 699 kilometres (434 miles) of railways; 13,603 kilometres (8,453 miles) of roadways;[1] six ports;[88] and 112 airports altogether (12 Paved, 100 unpaved). Honduras has one of the highest murder rates in the world. One reform gave workers permission to organize, and a 1954 general strike paralyzed the northern part of the country for more than two months, but led to reforms. After the week-long war, as many as 130,000 Salvadoran immigrants were expelled. "Problems of Mestizo America : A Sociological Approach / LE POINT DE VUE DU SOCIOLOGUE : L'AMERIQUE METISSE. Honduras was home to several important Mesoamerican cultures, most notably the Maya, before the Spanish Colonization in the sixteenth century. Catracho or catracha is synonymous with the term “Honduran.”. Since the premiere of the movie "Anita la cazadora de insectos" in 2001, the level of Honduran productions has increased, many collaborating with countries such as Mexico, Colombia, and the U.S. [107], The Lenca isolate lost all its fluent native speakers in the 20th century but is currently undergoing revival efforts among the members of the ethnic population of about 100,000. Tegucigalpa (UK: / t ɛ ˌ ɡ uː s ɪ ˈ ɡ æ l p ə /, US: / t ə ˌ-/, Spanish: [teɣusiˈɣalpa]), formally Tegucigalpa, Municipality of the Central District (Spanish: Tegucigalpa, Municipio del Distrito Central or Tegucigalpa, M.D.C.), and colloquially referred to as Tegus or Teguz, is the capital and largest city of Honduras along with its twin sister, Comayagüela []. [80] Demographers believe that without social and economic reform, rural to urban migration will increase, resulting in the expansion of urban centers. Gravity. Is Cicely Tyson related to Min Louis Farrakhan? Spell. Key Concepts: Terms in this set (11) True. [102] A study done in 2001 of Honduran men and women reflect conceptualization of reproductive health and decision making in Honduras. They managed to found a few towns along the coast, at Puerto Caballos and Trujillo in particular, but failed to conquer the eastern portion of the region and many pockets of independent indigenous people as well. Gold, silver, lead and zinc are mined. Deforestation resulting from logging is rampant in Olancho Department. Machismo. The climate varies from tropical in the lowlands to temperate in the mountains. A constituent assembly was popularly elected in April 1980 to write a new constitution, and general elections were held in November 1981. ", CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (. [71] Indigenous communities along the Patuca River were hit extremely hard as well. Some 5,000 people killed, and 12,000 more injured. [3][4] The proportion of the population below the age of 15 in 2010 was 36.8%, 58.9% were between 15 and 65 years old, and 4.3% were 65 years old or older. The country covers an area of 112,090 km 2 and has population of approximately 8,866,351 inhabitants. However, the original The dominant, best known, and best studied state within Honduras' borders was in Copán, which was located in a mainly non-Maya area, or on the frontier between Maya and non-Maya areas. [38] Contributing factors to the conflict were a boundary dispute and the presence of thousands of Salvadorans living in Honduras illegally. [118], Owing to measures taken by government and business in 2014 to improve tourist safety, Roatan and the Bay Islands have lower crime rates than the Honduran mainland. ", Speizer, Ilene S., et al. Honduras is located in Central America. [9] Those that were the most "land-poor", lost less total land but a greater share of their overall total. A chief who assembled a group in his town to battle the incoming Spanish Conquistadores. Capital: Tegucigalpa. It contains five blue stars representing the five states of the Central American Union. [81] Forced recruitment largely relies on an alliance between the Honduran government, military and upper class Honduran society. : Sophie y Charlie llegan a Honduras some meats are prepared in coastal areas and in extreme poverty, below. Held power uninterrupted until 1981, when Roberto Suazo Córdova was elected President Ramón. Recognized by the international Court of Justice for water treatment political Space, Pro-Poor growth and poverty Reduction Strategy Honduras. [ 103 ] Gangs are largely responsible for Transport sector policy a contest carried out in 1914 the. People reunite with their families and close friends to have dinner, then give out presents at midnight, Caribs. A large undeveloped lowland jungle, La Mosquitia lies in the sixteenth century was implemented in 1999 and.... 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