That’s why they introduced systems like Doctrine of Lapse by which Indian states could be taken over by the Company in case … The Revolt of 1857 was a combination of political, economical, socio-religious, military and many other causes. With the end of the French and Indian wars, the first worldwide war, the British found themselves with a huge national debt. War should be understood as an actual, intentional and widespread armed conflict between political communities, and therefore is defined as a form of political violence or intervention. Russia was trying to recover from a revolution that had occurred less than a decade ago. Stephanie Maharaj The rebellion began on 10 May 1857 in the form of a mutiny of sepoys of the Company's army in the garrison town of Meerut, 40 mi (64 km) northeast of Delhi (now Old Delhi). Similarly the introduction of some social laws added fuel to fire. There are few scholars who perceived the Revolt of 1857 as a National Movement. So, in this, the issue … This war is called war of Independence. What was the Immediate cause of Revolt of 1857 (War of independence of 1857)? 5. They invented their own form of "Christianity" one that was controlled by the State. They purchased raw materials from India … World war one war one was a war not born from profound causes but triggered by a continents own insolence, competition and whom a nation was allied with. Political Causes: The British policy of territorial annexations led to the displacement of a large … Answer: Economic Causes: The British crippled Indian trade and created a high tariff wall in Britain against Indian goods and encouraged the imports of British goods to India. Treatment given to Nana Saheb and Rani Laxmi Bai 4. PLAY. B. Ruination of Artisans and... ... World war one, a great European war, nations conflicted and divided, aligning themselves with their own allies. Annexation of Indian States by Doctrine of Lapse Policy. But when they realized that the Company was promoting Christianity in their land they became furious. The British brought into force the Doctrine of Subsidiary Alliance and Doctrine of Lapse. ...The Causes of American War of Independence This war was not triggered by a single reason, but multiple factors played their role. Write. Causes of Revolt. Some of the political causes of the revolt are as follows: They can be divided into political, religious, military, economic and social causes. The immediate cause of the First War of Independence in 1857 was the introduction of the 'Enfield Rifle'. The set of techniques used by a group to carry out war is known as warfare. For example, the Nazis hated not just the Jewish Religion, but also Christianity. Spell. The war was the culmination of the American Revolution, a colonial struggle against political and economic policies of the British Empire. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 was a major, but ultimately unsuccessful, uprising in India in 1857–58 against the rule of the British East India Company, which functioned as a sovereign power on behalf of the British Crown. They did this because they wanted total control of all aspects of the people's lives, otherwise they... ...WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF WAR? Germany was another rising nation at the time, her and Russia had conflicts and a war between them seemed inevitable. Given below are the chief causes of the 1857 War of Independence : He was driven by conviction to bring all the Indian states ruled by local rulers into the fold of British administration. History 1301 Unlike the Molasses Act which benefited the people of the colonies, the new acts imposed on them were just a burden and quite unfair. These new programs had a significant impact on the people of the colonies, and caused a great uproar. DISCUSS There were economic causes as well. Terms in this set (16) What were the political causes of the first war of independence? Flashcards. Causes of the Revolt. It was a remarkable event in Indian history and marked the end of the Mughal empire and sealed India's fate as a British colony for the next 100 years.Causes for the RevoltThere were many causes that ultimately lead to this revolt. It is now an admitted fact that th mass uprising of the people of Indo-Pakistan against the British rule in 1857 was not a spontaneous reaction of alien rule but the emption of the volcano of discontent which had kept smoldering for about a century. Test. There are many causes for this war which are: As British extended their control they introduced many ways of grabbing land like the use of Doctrine of Lapse was introduced by … As British extended their control they introduced many ways of grabbing land like the use of Doctrine of Lapse was introduced by Lord Dalhousie was very unpopular. It was an extreme effort made by Indians, but they failed due to certain reasons including mutual jealousies, disunity, and lack of central leadership etc. 5. After an American victory at Saratoga in 1777, France, Spain, and the Netherlands entered the war against Great Britain. Under this spurious doctrine, he annexed Satara, Sambalpur, Jhansi and Nagpur etc. His responsibility was to solve the debt crisis they were facing. Causes of the War of Independence. The natives were either turned jobless or appointed on lower levels of the state departments. Colonists were divided over which side to support in the war; in some areas, the struggle was a civil war. The East India Company that was eager to amass wealth out of the trade considered India no more than a field of producing raw materials for the industries of England. People during this time were suffering on all the fronts economic, political, societal, etc. The thirteen colonies moved from peaceful resistance to outright war against the British government’s “reform” programs of new taxes and regulations during the period of (1764-1783). THE CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF THE WAR OF INDEPENDENCE 1857-58 Q1. British traders made enormous profits in this two way trade. But in the 18th century the pattern of trade underwent a drastic change. The Company interfered in the internal matters of Indian States and followed the policy of divide and rule. CAUSES OF WAR OF INDEPENDENCE The mass uprising of the people of Indo-Pakistan against the British rule in 1857 was not a spontaneous reaction of alien rule but the eruption of the volcano of discontent that had kept smouldering for about a century. As a sinful world, warlike tendencies are found in all species. They had a big army but their soldiers were not well trained and their military was not well... ...Causes of World War II In 1931, an increasingly militaristic Japanese Empire, which had long sought influence in China[8] as the first step of its right to rule Asia, used the Mukden Incident as justification to invade Manchuria; the two nations... StudyMode - Premium and Free Essays, Term Papers & Book Notes, How Did The French Revolution Affect The American War. Antrece Baggett WAR OF INDEPENDENCE 1857. As part of the agreement for peace, the French offered to give all their holdings in America to the British. Alsace and Lorraine, and this would only be a great outcome for France. War is an organized and often prolonged conflict that is carried out by states or non-state actors. /7 Q3. During the rule of the Mughals, not only the Muslims but also the Hindus would be appointed on all important positions but by the English the Muslims and the Hindus both were deemed as untrustworthy and consequently all the higher posts were held by the White men. War generally involves two or more organized groups or parties (often, nations). According to the Encyclopedia Britannica, war is defined as a “state of conflict, generally armed, between two or more entities. There are certain political causes of the 1857 revolt.. such as. Dalhousie’s policy of annexation threatened many princely states and they were the first ones to pick up arms against British. The Company also declared that after the death of the then Mughal emperor, Bahadur Shah Zafar, his family had to move out of the Red Fort and his successors were also forbidden to use the title of emperor. Change in pattern of trade and commerce  It was initiated to get rid of the British domination. But, the causes of the Revolt of 1857 remains the same. The subsidiary system with additional taxes even on uncultivated lands added fuel to the fire and economically devastated the common Indians. These military aggressions were the decisions made by authoritarian ruling elites in Germany and Japan. In this... ...India's First War of Independence, termed Sepoy Riots by the British was an attempt to unite India against the invading British and to restore power to the Mogul emperor Bahadur Shah. In all cases, at least one participant (group) in the conflict perceives the need to either psychologically or materially dominate the other participant. • In 1858, after the war of independence, India came under the British Crown directly. Tyrannical Rule: • The rebels due to their incompetence failed to … The coalition forces lead by Maratha and Mughal Empires and all other kingdoms were defeated by the British East India Company with the help of 21 princely states that were loyal to them. [6] This caused Germany to lose a significant portion of its territory, prohibited the annexation of other states, limited the size of German armed forces and imposed massive reparations. Thus after having been enslaved the second shock the local soldiers had to bear was unemployment that made them despise the foreign invader. In the words of Lord Canning, Lawrence and Syed Ahmed Khan it was, indeed, the most significant cause. These new acquisitions were a problem for the British parliament because now they needed to stop settlers from the British colonies going into the new land in fear that the Indians would attack them. In International Relations, a disturbance in the balance of power (Brown, 2005, p.99) is often named as the main cause of war. They can be divided into political, religious, military, economic and social causes. Many causes led to the outbreak of Revolt of 1857. (a) Annexation of Avadh on the ground of bad-governance (b) Inefficient administrative machinery of the company (c) Growing suspicion among native rulers over Lord Dalhousie’s policies of … which angered the local ruler, who had to now live i… Created by. ...The American Revolution is usually seen as being the same thing as the American War for Independence, starting in 1775 with the battle of Lexington and ending in 1783 with the treaty of Paris. Political Causes; The East India Company was aiming to annex all the states of India like Avadh, Tanjore, Jhansi, etc ...Waging War for Independence (1764 – 1783) Drawbacks of First War of Independence 25 Lack of planning, organisation and leadership Lack of common cause Lack of participation from all sections of the society Lack of resources Lack of nationwide dimensions Beginning of the movement before the fixed date (May 31, 1857) The Treaty of Paris in 1783 recognized the independence of the United States. The people of India at that time were highly concerned about their religion and religious rites. Before using these cartridges they were to be cut by teeth. The causes of the War of Independence were political, economical, social, religious and military. Protests broke out, and eventually the American Revolution came into the picture. Please join StudyMode to read the full document. This was done by using the provisions of the Doctrine ofLapse. The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a conflict that erupted between Great Britain and revolutionaries within thirteen British colonies, who declared their independence as the United States of America in 1776. /4 Q6.Why did the War of Independence of 1857 … Economic Causes: Added to political and administrative distrust for the British East India Company, … There was a rumour that the greased cartridge had the fat … This War was fought in 1857 by Indians against the British in order to get rid of their domination. There were many causes of the War of Independence of 1857. Causes of Failure of 1857 Indian War of Independence On April 27, 1857, eighty-five soldiers of a Bengal regiment of British East India Company, posted in Meerut, disobeyed the command of their senior British officer, to use the new cartridges for newly introduced Enfield rifles, … Gravity. The culmination of events that led to World War II are generally understood to be the 1939 invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany and the 1937 invasion of the Republic of China by the Empire of Japan. The war eventually widened far beyond British North America; many Native Americans also fought on both sides of the conflict. There are many causes for this war which are: Political. STUDY. Nations may regard each other with dislike over religious conflict or different values but this is hardly going to cause them to go to war. The East India Company was aiming to annex all the states of India like Avadh, Tanjore, Jhansi, Satara, etc. In the military setup they introduced some regulations that injured religious sentiments of the Indians. WAR OF INDEPENDENCE 1857. A. Wars most often begin with a conflict in religion, feeling of superiority to others, and acquiring of wealth. All these attempts alienated both Hindu and Muslim Indians who realized that the White men were intending to devour their lands. It is believed by many historians that Lord Dalhousie laid the foundations of the Indian Rebellion of 1857. For instance, the English government banned Satti (Hindu practice of burning the widow along with the dead body of her husband), and allowed the widows to remarry. In the aftermath of World War I, a defeated Germany signed the Treaty of Versailles. It is now an admitted fact that th mass uprising of the people of Indo-Pakistan against the British rule in 1857 was not a spontaneous reaction of alien rule but the emption of the volcano of discontent which had kept smoldering for about a century. Although, it was unsuccessful but left great memories. Since the British at home were highly taxed, Grenville’s solution was to tax the Americans since he felt they benefited from the war. Combatants before 1778 A country like France who pushed and encouraged nationalism and militarism was viewed as a powerful nation but because of its strong policies it was also recognized as a huge threat to other European nations. For which he started to use doctrine of lapse. French involvement proved decisive, with a naval victory in the Chesapeake leading to the surrender of a British army at Yorktown in 1781. A brief account of these causes is given below: Since the battle of Plassey, the British conquered territory after territory to extend their empire. It is generally characterized by extreme violence, social disruption and economic destruction. Throughout the war, the British were able to use their naval superiority to capture and occupy coastal cities, but control of the countryside (where most of the population lived) largely eluded them. What was the Immediate cause of Revolt of 1857 (War of independence of 1857)? He researched about it and found out that it was for the first time that local rulers and zamindars stood against the British Rule. Besides, the English invariably maintained discrimination between their soldiers and the Indian soldiers in respect of salaries and fringe benefits with the result that the disheartened soldiers made up their minds to fight against the English. In 1857 British faced a serious challenge to their rule in India. Causes of the Revolt of 1857: (a) Political Causes i. Doctrine of Lapse: Lord Dalhousie successfully annexed many Indian states to the English East India Company. First War of Independence The revolt of 1857 was basically the outcome of the policy of exploitation and suppression adopted by the Britishers. The Sugar Act was something that actually reduced the tax on molasses eliminating the incentive to smuggle thereby increasing the amount of people willing to pay duty. Because of all these reasons Kings, Princes, their courtiers and disbanded s… • It ended the Mughal Empire’s reign completely from the political scene. /4 Q2.Briefly explain three reasons for The War of Independence of 1857? Disrespect shown to Bahadur Shah 3. ii. The revolt of 1857 witnessed in large parts of North and Central India was an armed rebellion triggered due to number of political and economic policies of British. Such legislations badly hurt the feelings of Hindus. During the first two hundred years of its rule , the British East India Company confined its activities to trade and commerce. For them the most sacred thing was their faith. The only reason they won the war was that their treasury lasted longer than the French treasury. Russia's civil war led to the creation of the Soviet Union which soon was under the control of Joseph Stalin. War is an openly declared state of organized conflict, most often characterized by extreme aggression, societal disruption, and high mortality. They can be divided into political, religious, military, economic and social causes. /4 Q5.What happened at the battle of Kanpur? The causes of the War of Independence were political, economic, religious, social and military. India became a raw material producing country and raw material which was purchased from India at very low costs was processed into finished goods in the factories in England and then exported back to India. For example, under the military rules the Indian soldiers were forbidden to have beards or wear turbans or put tilaks on their foreheads. From the beginning of time, God knew everything that was going to occur. Under the doctrine of lapse, the British annexed any Indian state where the ruler did not have a male heir. The set of techniques used by a group to carry out war is known as warfare. 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