Mr. Manish Kumar has been teaching Political Science to Class IX, X, XI and XII for last five years.He has completed his graduation from Moti Lal Nehru College, University of Delhi. This had become necessary to ensure that the existing political systems were not overthrown the way it hap­pened in Russia. (ii) Opposing the uncontrolled power of dynastic rulers. As such they took measures to ensure that the workers got fair wages and other emoluments that enabled them to live with dignity in the society. The Russian Revolution influenced the spread of socialist ideas all over the world including the capitalist societies. (i) Tolerating all religions. Monarchy was replaced. Immediately after the Second World War (1945) was over, Britain came out with the Beveridge Plan for social security. The October revolution transformed Russia into a Communist State. Foreign debts were repudiated. Lenin had set two fundamental conditions for the success of a revolution. The peo­ple were taxed heav­ily on the plea that money was needed for the maintenance of the army and the navy. What was Lenin’s contribution in the Russian Revolution? Socialism differs from communism on the methods to achieve the socialist objectives. Britain had constitutional monarchy that made the monarch just a titular Head of the State. The constitutional experiment failed and made Russians more desperate. SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS [3 MARKS]: Q.1. Like other ideologies, communism too became dogmatic over the years. Lenin had described the Russian empire as a ‘prison of nations’ and had declared that no genuine democracy could be established unless all the non-Russians were given equal rights. Under his leadership, the Bolshevik Party put forward clear poli­cies and advanced the slogan “All power to the Soviets.”. 21st May 2020 14th June 2020. MCQ Questions for Class 9 History: Ch 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution CBSE class 9 Social Science Chapter 2 History-Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution notes in PDF are available for free download in myCBSEguide mobile app. The group was for participation in elections. Not all republics of the USSR were at the same level of development. He returned to Russia in May 1917. Question 1. 17th May 2020 14th June 2020. It is accepted that national income has to be created before it can be distributed. The bureaucracy was inefficient. Hence the name February Revolution, the incident however relates to March 12, 1917. The people were convinced that the forces were bad­ly organized. Sir, I am Lakshay Kaushik. This was another demand put up by the people of Russia before the revolution. The republics that formed the Union were given the autonomy to develop their own languages and culture. The cultures of the vanquished were shown little respect. Some industries had developed in selected pockets. Socialism in Europe and the Russia Revolution Class 9 Extra Questions Long Answer Type Questions. Download Complete PPT Here Download Complete PPT Here. Czar Nicholas II gave up his throne. The Public Sector has become a liability to the exchequer and efforts are on to involve private capital in new projects for industrialization. SOCIALISM IN EUROPE AND THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION (MCQ) 0. The Czar ordered the dissolution of the Duma but the Duma refused to carry out the orders of the Czar. The people of Russia got convinced about the incompetence of the Russian govern­ment. Privacy Policy 8. He is the Head of the Department in the School he is currently employed at reputed International School in Gurugram. Content Filtrations 6. It failed to respond to changing world conditions. The profits arising from labour were to be distributed for common good. They set up funds to As discussed in the first chapter of the French Revolution, opportunities for dramatic change have been created, including equality, fraternity and freedom in Europe. The provisional government freed the political pris­oners. Feudal aristocracies had been replaced by a new middle class. Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution | CBSE Class 9 Chapter 2 History | SST NCERT Solutions | Umang 2020 Vedantu Class 9 and 10. (iv) None of the above 2. The Bolsheviks who had secured a majority in the Petrograd Soviet captured govern­ment offices on the night of October 24, 1917. Political leaders involved in freedom struggle started thinking of political changes more in terms of social changes. The community through the State was to assume absolute control over all matters related to workers and social relations including religion. • Not everyone in Europe, however, wanted a complete transformation. He was completely dependent on his wife who in turn was dominated by Rasputin, a friend of the Royals. After the revolution, individual rights and social power began to be discussed in many parts of the world including Europe and Asia. Who are Liberals, Radicals, and Conservatives? The Congress of Soviets issued a proclamation on the next day. France had be­come a republic. Russia was an autocracy. Later this party was merged with other socialist groups to form the Russian Social Democratic Labour party in 1898. The nobles and rich landlords exploited the peasants who lived in overcrowded village lands. Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution : Chapter Notes - Class 09 Social Science. Russia in 1917 was ready for a revolution on both these counts. We hope the given CBSE Class 9 History Chapter 2 Extra Questions Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Pdf free download will help you. Study Material and Notes of Ch 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Class 9th History The Age of Social Change • The French Revolution opened up the possibility of creating a dramatic change in the way in which society was structured. This had become … Work hours were often long and wages were poor. CH 2 : SOCIALISM IN EUROPE AND THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION . After Marx and Angels, he is regarded as the greatest leader of the socialist movement in Russia. The provisional government did not last long. More Practice >>> Quiz on Socialism in Europe and Russian Revolution – Class 9 . The Age of Social Change • The French Revolution opened up the possibility of creating a dramatic change in the way in which society was structured. His main area of interest is in School education. The right to property was respected but social insurance was introduced to ensure that no one starved. The Comintern was often used by the Soviet Union as an instrument for pursuing its own objectives. But before anything could be accomplished, the Duma was abolished. Let's find out more about the Russian Revolution. Finland was recognized as an independent unit within the Russian federation. Kerensky was a revolutionary socialist while Prince Lvoff represented the liberal minded businessmen and land owners. Posted by Manish Mr. Manish Kumar has been teaching Political Science to Class IX, X, XI and XII for last five years.He has completed his graduation from Moti Lal Nehru College, University of Delhi. Marxists had been preaching the ideas of Communism among the peasants and the industrial workers. Control of industries was transferred to shop committees of workers. Get Notes Here:- https://payments.pabbly.com/subscribe/5e2954ad14a2e43f1110d5ef/notesAbout Us:Magnet Brains Software Technology Pvt. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Firstly, the people should be con­vinced about the need for revolution and secondly that they should be ready to make sacrifices for the success of the revolution. The Russian empire was under the autocratic rule of the Tsar. Main Changes Brought About by the Bolsheviks: Social inequalities were to be abolished and right to work was given a consti­tutional status. They wanted to reform it as a nation that would tolerate all religion. Collaboration with foreign companies is no longer a taboo. Whenever they demanded better wages they were suppressed with the help of secret police. It is hailed as it humanized capi­talist systems all over the world. Appearing Students of Class 9 Exams can download MCQ on Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Class 9 with Answers from here. They paid no attention to improve the conditions of the workers. Progress of Russian Revolution; The First World War and the Russian Revolution; Events and Effects of February and October Revolution of Russia; Social changes that were taken place in Russia. There was acute shortage of bread. Socialist Revolutionary Party was another party of the workers that voiced the demands of the Russian peasants. Troops were ordered to crush the rioters. It was not before 1920 that the Red Army was able to gain control over all that at one time had been the Czar’s empire. The State took upon itself the responsibility of drafting Central plans for building an advanced economy in the shortest possible time. What distinguishes liberals from democrats? Corruption was widely rampant. Question 1. The ideal of the new government was that each citizen should contribute according to his capacity and in turn be entitled to remuneration that was in accordance to his needs. The Czar had made great efforts to ensure that only his men were elected. But the outbreak of the First World War gave a severe set-back to socialist movement. Answer: (i) Lenin was socialist leader of Russia. Communist societies failed to realize the importance of profit as an incentive to bring about the best in human effort. Russians had lost around 600,000,000 soldiers. • Not everyone in Europe, however, wanted a complete transformation. Russia withdrew from the War. Answer: The views of radicals are as follows: The group who wanted to bring about immediate social change in Russia was radicals. He is a honoured with "Global Teacher award 2018" of Department of AKS, New Delhi. Prohibited Content 3. Disclaimer 9. The workers did not have any political rights. (iii) Did not believe in universal adult franchise. Many persons died in the attack. Answer The Social, economic and political conditions in Russia … Twitter. The repressive policies were reintroduced by the successor Czar Alexander III. Online Test of Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Test 1 History (Social Science S.St)| Class 9th 1. It has been praised and condemned vigorously. WhatsApp. The Bolsheviks were for a party that would work towards a revolution in Russia. It has helped China to become one of the leading industrial nations of the world. (iv) equal status for non-Russian nationalities. MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS [1 MARK]: Q.1.Which among the following groups was against any kind of political or social change? On the given outline map of the world, four features are marked. A new govern­ment headed by Lenin was formed. By the mid-nineteenth century in Europe, socialism was a well-known body of ideas that attracted widespread attention. The people of Russia were not satisfied with these measures. Answer: Question 2. The Russian revolutionaries had hoped that there would be revolutions all over the world. Liberalization has been going on in India too. Estonia was granted autonomy while complete independence was granted to Poland. Officers were selected not on the basis of their ability but on their privileged connections. The Russian society at that time was primarily agricul­tural. The Russian armies badly lost in Germany and Austria during 1914-1916. Socialism Essay: Essay on Socialism and it’s Main Characteristics. Choose the correct option: Question 1. Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Class 9 MCQs Questions with Answers. His programme attracted the Soviets as he was for total transfer of power from the provisional government to the Soviets. It was the time when new cities developed and railways expanded to start the Industrial Revolution. But a large part of capital for investment had come from foreign countries. There was acute shortage of food in Russia. You might also like. Content Guidelines 2. Similar plans were put forth in many other countries. Czar Nicholas II agreed to give political rights to the people. The basic principles, ideas and values had the Russian Revolution for rest of the world : (a) Economic equality (b) Social Equality (c) Socialism (d) Anti-capitalism. The soldiers were as dissatisfied as the civilians. A number of workers’ organizations had been set up after industrialization began in Russia. Plagiarism Prevention 4. A major point of contrast between the liberals and the radicals was that the liberals were not: Secular . Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Class 9 Extra Questions and Answer History Chapter 2 Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) Questions. First World War and Foundation of Soviet State: Russia had joined England against Germany in the First World War. Education was given high priority. He devoted himself to making the Bolshevik party a instrument of revolution in Russia. What were the social, economic and political conditions in Russia before 1905? The day came to be known as Bloody Sunday. Sir vo jo aapne holiday homework me worksheet di hai vo dubara karni hai kya kyoki hamne school ki noteboook me already kar rakhe hai sirf learn ka rle kya saari worksheets. These measures as such acquired great significance among the constitutional provisions made by the communist government. A demonstration was organized by working class women. The Red army was more in the nature of a Citizens Army and yet it won against better trained and better equipped forces. Lenin (Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov) was the leader of the Bolsheviks. On the given outline map of world locate, the countries that were central powers in the First World War. Through the revolution in Russia, socialism … The workers were divided in different social groups, but often united to strike work in factories. In 1942, the Communist party in India did not join the Quit India Movement against British rule just because the Soviets were at that time allied with British. The workers joined the protestors and struck work. The Russian Revolution prompted governments all over the world to introduce legislative reforms to improve the conditions of workers. This group was, however, in minority and hence referred to as Mensheviks. … The officers of the Czar’s army organized and rebelled against the new Soviet State. It has been praised and condemned vigorously. Communism stood for a system of government under which property and production were to be held as a common trust. The Russian revolution had proclaimed the build­ing of a socialist society as its objective. The people of Russia hailed these measures taken by the new government. Liberals in Russia campaigned to end this state of affairs. His manifesto promised free­dom of speech, Press and conferred the power to make laws on an elected body-Duma. The Age of Social Change The French Revolution opened up the possibility of creating a dramatic change in the way in which society was structured. The concept of centralized planning was adopted by many other countries including India (1951). Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution! He returned to Russia in April. On March 15, 1917 the monarchy that had ruled for over three hundred years came to an end. The leader of the Bolshevik party was (a) Stalin (b) Lenin (c) Karl Marx (d) Louis Blanc. Foreign investments were confiscated. Both ideas accept that political democracy can be meaningful only if it is accom­panied by economic as well as social democracy. Conditions were ripe for the overthrow of the existing government. But a violent revolution is not the pre-requisite for such a change over. All estates of the landlords, the Church and the Czar were transferred to peasant societies to be allotted to peasant families and to be cultivated without hired labour. There was complete stoppage in trade and industry. Do you know what gave rise to the Russian Revolution? Last Updated on August 1, 2020 By Mrs Shilpi Nagpal 5 Comments. Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Class 9 Important Questions Short Answer Type Questions. Leave a Reply Cancel reply. Workmen in factories, docks and railways also went on strike. NCERT Solutions for Class 9th: Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution History Social Studies (S.St) Page No: 48 Questions 1. Instead it voted to establish a provisional government. In so far putting in the best effort is concerned, private ownership and enterprise cannot be substituted by State control. Social, Economic and Political Conditions in Russia before 1905: By the early twentieth century, life in most European countries had become liberal and progressive consequent to Industrial Revolution and Democracy. The State has to play a positive role in enforcing social and economic rights. The event that actually took place on November 7 is referred to as the October Revolution. To coordinate their efforts, socialists formed an international body – namely, the Second International. Things had not changed materially with the abolition of serfdom in 1861 by Czar Alexander II. CHAPTER: 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution (2019) 1] Liberals were not democrats. Differentiate between the ideas of the liberals and radicals in Europe (take the time period as after the French Revolution). Check NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science (History - Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution) based on the latest CBSE 9th SST Syllabus 2020-21. Conservatives are another important group which played a pivotal role in the upsurge of socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution, Conservatives were initially against the change that was being favoured by liberals and radicals. Paul Milyukoff acted as the Foreign Minister. Working Population Movements before 1917: Even before the revolution the people of Russia had rebelled against the monarchs. They were assisted by troops of foreign powers. The capitalist societies were quick to realize that exploitative societies face violent revolutions. The three parties that had joined together to overthrow the Czar were led by Kerensky, Prince Lvoff and Paul Milyukoff. Workers in St. Petersburg went on strike to express their discontentment. Facebook. Through the revolution in Russia, socialism became one of the most significant and powerful ideas to shape society in the twentieth century. It is condemned as it failed to hold together the Re- publics that had come together to form the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). The Czar had hoped to annex Constantinople and the Straits of the Dardanelles. The Russian Revolution prompted governments all over the world to introduce legislative reforms to improve the conditions of workers. The policies of the communist parties outside USSR were largely determined by the com­munist party of the Soviet Union. In contrast, radicals wanted a nation in which government was based on the majority of a … The Czars still ruled as Emperors. 4540. The communist system in USSR collapsed in 1991 and Soviet Union disintegrated into a Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). By the early years of the twentieth century, socialist ideas had taken roots in a number of European countries. Communist parties were formed in many other countries outside USSR for achieving a similar objective. It collapsed on November 7, 1917. They did not have any capital to invest on their small holdings. Intellectual Ferment and Growth of Bolshevik Party: The frustrated Russians were readily attracted by the Communism as preached by Karl Marx, Lenin and other Marxist revolutionaries. It is hailed as it humanized capi­talist systems all over the world. This test is Rated positive by 85% students preparing for Class 9.This MCQ test is related to Class 9 syllabus, prepared by Class 9 teachers. Factories and railways had come to Russia during the rule of Czar Alexander III. Communist States like China have made several compromises in the communist ideology. Foreign investors were interested only in quick profits. Ans : liberals were one of the groups that wanted to change the society by moderate means. Students can solve NCERT Class 9 Social Science History: Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Multiple Choice Questions with Answers to know their preparation level on Success Roar Classes Website itself. CBSE NCERT Class IX (9th) | Social Studies | History CH 2 : SOCIALISM IN EUROPE AND THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION . Quiz for Class 10 Geography: Water Resources . K HOD : Dept of Social Science VELAMMAL BODHI CAMPUS POSTED – 22/5/19 Socialism in Europe and Russian Revolution 2. That did not happen. History Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution – Notes & Study Material. Net/JRF Politcal Science Crash course (paper 1), CLASS X POLITICAL SCIENCE IMPORTANT CARTOON BASED QUESTIONS 2020-2021 Exam, Important Cartoons of Political science Class 12 (2020-2021) Exam Part-1, Important Maps PPT of History and Geography - Class 10th SST (2020 - 2021), **NEW CENTRES OF POWER **PPT**Class 12th**Political Science**, **Challenges Of Nation Building**PPT** Ch-1** Class 12th**Political Science**, Political Science Important Solved Maps of India and World Class -12th, **Nationalism in India ** Class 10** PPT**, Important cartoons of Political Science (full Book-2) Politics in India since Independence (2020-21), **South Asia In The Contemporary World**PPt**Class 12th** Political Sceince** Acc to new Syllabus 2020, Cold War Era PPt and Notes Class – 12th Chapter 1 Political science. On 25th October 1917 (according to the Russian calendar) an All Russian Congress of Soviets met and assumed full political power. The monarchs, however, did nothing to improve the conditions of the peasants. Pinterest. When the war broke out the socialist groups in all countries chose to side with their own country irrespective of all other considerations. Get all latest content delivered straight to your inbox. Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Summary. The strikes were conducted by Council of their representatives (Soviets). Copyright 10. They realized that only a structural change could save them from their hard life under the monarchy. Soviet State and the Imperialist Colonies: The emergence of Soviet Union as a socialist state gave added strength to freedom movements in colonial possessions. The best app for CBSE students now provides class 9 Social Science latest chapter wise notes for quick preparation of CBSE board exams and school based annual examinations. The political system as it existed during the rule of the Czars was totally out of tune with the rest of Europe. Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Class 9 MCQs Questions with Answers. Image Guidelines 5. Sun-Yat-Sen was assisted by the Soviet government in his efforts to Unify China. Civil liberties were restored. Leon Trotsky had played an important role in 1905 Revolution. The Russian Revolution of 1917 has been one of the important events of world history. Describe the views of radicals. Class 9 History Map Work Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution. A large number of his students have scored brilliantly in this subject. Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution! These affiliated themselves to the Comintern or the Communist International formed in USSR. Not all, though, was in favour of this transition in culture. CONTENTS • THE AGE OF SOCIAL CHANGE - Liberals - Radicals - Conservatives • Industries and Social Change • Socialism in Europe -Robert … Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution 29 Activity 1.4 Support for Socialism By the 1870s, socialist ideas spread through Europe. Soviet Union was hailed as the leader of the world communist movement. The Representative Assembly (Duma) promised by the Czar had its first session in 1906. As head of the Petrograd Soviet, he was one of the most important leaders of the November uprising. Thus the promise ‘land to the tillers’ was honoured. February Revolution—Events and Effects: The first notable event in the course of Russian Revo­lution occurred on February 27, 1917 according to the Russian Calendar. Soviet Union emerged as a major power on the world scene within a few years after the revolution. The Czar was simply incapable of leading a modern war against Germany. Those exiled to Siberia were allowed to return. Socialism in Europe and Russian Revolution - Class 9 -CBSE 1. Report a Violation. He has attended various Seminars conducted by CBSE. A large section of the Russian population was dependent on agriculture. (a) Nationalists (b) … But the troops instead of putting down the rioters joined the strikers. Things were, however, different in Russia. The Czar had built a huge empire comprising diverse European nationalities. Not everyone in Europe, however, wanted a complete … The peasants had very small and uneconomic hold­ings. Communism as an ideology had appealed to the poor and the weak. NAZIMA MAZHAR HUSSAIN . Colonial development reshaped ideas of societal change but everyone was not in favour of the complete transformation of society. Dec 19,2020 - MCQ: Socialism In Europe And The Russian Revolution - 1 | 10 Questions MCQ Test has questions of Class 9 preparation. The system abolished the idea of production for personal profits. Within this party one group favoured a party on the model of similar parties in France and Germany. Many other parties comprising the non-Russian nationali­ties within the Russian empire were also working towards making their lands free from colonial exploitation. Answer. The uncontrolled power of dynastic rules was opposed by liberals. Chapter 1 of NCERT Social Science History textbook – Indian and the Contemporary World-I is titled as ‘ Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution.’ Some of the important political traditions of the nineteenth century and how they influenced change in European society will be discussed. The majority group known as the Bolsheviks believed that since no democratic rights existed for the people of Russia, the German and French models were not relevant. The newly framed constitution recognized the equality of all nationalities in USSR. Attracted widespread attention made great efforts to Unify China convinced that the political. 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